The Regional Sectorial Agrarian Directorate of Ucayali (DRSAU), through its Native Communities Area, has managed to restart the recognition of their territorial rights; Thus, in 2016, after a little more than a decade of paralysis of the territorial sanitation processes, 15 native communities were titled, projected for the first semester of this year more than twenty. This is a great achievement for the Ucayali Region, which has managed to overcome problems that the current regulations still pose for the recognition of the rights of the Amazonian indigenous peoples.
In February 2015, CEDIA signed an Interinstitutional Support Agreement with the DRSAU, which was renewed in October 2016. By virtue of said institutional framework within the Project “Incorporation of 2.4 million Hectares of Forests Tropicales del Sur Oriente de Loreto - Peru, to Participative Conservation ”, financed by Rainforest Trust USA, within the line of Territorial Sanitation, CEDIA began activities in the Ucayali Region, carrying out the diagnosis of land tenure and use of natural resources from the basins of the Abujao, Shesha, Utiquinía, Callería and right bank of the Ucayali River.
In October 2015, field work began to facilitate the territorial sanitation processes undertaken by the Native Communities Area of the DRSAU; as well as rounds of training for DRSAU personnel in the process of Recognition and Titling of Native Communities and permanent advice at the request of this Area to address, in the most appropriate way and looking for solutions within the regulatory framework, to the various situations that They are presented for the recognition of the territorial rights of the Amazonian native populations of the Ucayali Region.
Today, after a year of work and accompaniment to the Native Communities Area of the DRSAU, we see the first fruits of the work carried out in our field of action. The recognition and titling of the Nueva Palestina native community, the titling of the Sol del Oriente native community and the expansion of the San Mateo native community were achieved. Added to this is the last stage of territorial reorganization of the files of the native communities Saasa –titling- and Nueva Betania –enhancement-; in addition to sharing the satisfaction of achieving ownership of the communal territories supported by the different cooperating institutions. However, the challenges are still great: the superposition of territories of native communities on Permanent Production Forests, the Studies of Classification of Lands for their Capacity of Greater Use and the granting of Assignment Contracts in Use, are some of them.