Lime. Yesterday began the "International Congress on Advances in Security of Tenure: Land and Forest" organized by the Faculty of Forest Sciences of the La Molina National Agrarian University (UNALM), with the support of the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) . This takes place in Auditorium A-2 of the UNALM Graduate School until Thursday, June 14.
The objective of the Congress is to disseminate studies and advances in forest tenure, land use planning, as well as to reflect, based on the presentations made, on the pending agenda. Yesterday, after Panel 1 on "Formalization of tenure rights" in which international experts participated, gave way to presentations by national specialists. Patricia Urteaga and Armando Guevara, representatives of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP) participated with their presentations "Territory and titling in two communities affected by oil exploitation" and "The unsustainable legalization of water rights in the Ica-Villacurí aquifer ”, Respectively. Also, virtually, Carlos Soria, representative of Portal Socioecosistemas with his presentation “Comparative review of tenure rights in Peru, Indonesia, Mozambique and Uganda”; Natalia Málaga, CIFOR specialist with the exhibition “Evaluation of carbon stocks in secondary forests and oil palm crops in the Ucayali region”; and Luis Trevejo, specialist from the Center for the Development of the Amazonian Indigenous (CEDIA), who presented "The official recognition of the ancestral territory of the Amazonian populations in Peru."
Eng. Luis Trevejo, Regional Director of CEDIA Norte, announced the work carried out by CEDIA in the Peruvian Amazon and its four lines of action: legal physical sanitation, community organizational strengthening, sustainable economic activities and support in the management of ANP. He indicated that indigenous populations are not granted a right, they are recognized, because granting a right over a territory implies giving something to someone who has not occupied that place for millennia. Likewise, because the Peruvian State distinguishes the presence of indigenous populations based on their occupation or use of the territory since time immemorial. Therefore, in order to guarantee its integrity, it recognizes its legal existence and legal status.
He also pointed out that the traditional ways of organizing and using the territory have to be conditioned to the new legal figure. In addition, after making a historical recount of the norms related to the physical and legal sanitation of native communities, he concluded that they have curtailed territorial rights. Added to this are new scenarios in which there are Permanent Production Forests, forest and conservation concessions, enabling titles, protected natural areas, illicit crops, illegal logging, land trafficking and invasion of communal territories that hinder the recognition and titling of communities. native in their ancestral territories.
Faced with the above, he posed challenges that must be faced so that communities that still do not have a property title can obtain it in the future: harmonize interests between the different sectors that grant rights to the territory, good administration of the economic resources that they finance. major physical and legal sanitation initiatives and strengthen local participation spaces and their second-level organizations in major physical and legal sanitation initiatives.
To learn more about the International Congress Program you can enter here.