From June 1 to 3 of this year, the Ordinary Congress of the Ashaninka and Machiguenga Organization of the Apurímac River (OARA) was held in the Gran Shinongari native community, District of Pichari, Province of the Convention, in Cusco. Thus complying with the agreement sustained in the 2016 Congress. OARA has 28 affiliated native communities; Likewise, it celebrated another anniversary on June 1, remembering its founding date in 1995.
The Center for the Development of the Amazonian Indigenous (CEDIA) provided administrative and technical advice for the development of the Congress, especially with regard to Territory and advances in the physical and legal sanitation of native communities, which includes recognition, titling and community expansion. This as part of the execution of the component of organizational strengthening of OARA of the Project "Restoration of the landscape and food sovereignty, in the CC.NN. Asháninkas and Machiguengas del VRA ”financed by Nuevo Planeta-FEDEVACO.
110 delegates participated, including plenary sessions and fraternal -representing 26 native communities- public and private entities with a presence in the area. Those present showed their discomfort at the absence of the mayors of Pichari and Kimbiri, who delegated their representatives.
The central themes of the exhibition and debate were: territory, production, health, education, justice, and security.
At the end of the event, the following agreements were reached:
1. To request the Regional Agrarian Directorate (DRA) of Cusco to attend and conclude the Legal Physical Sanitation of the native communities that lack title: Maketi, Huayanay, Kiruchariato, Ashaninka Yevanashi, Unión Santa Fe, Shimashirinkani and Quepitoshiari. The communities that have yet to be recognized are Maguireni and Kepitoshi. This is considering the progress made by the CEDIA-OARA Agreement and the presence of the Project for the Cadastre, Titling and Registration of Rural Lands in Peru - PTRT3.
2. To demand that the DRA Cusco pay attention to the expansion of the Monkirenshi and Pitirinquini native communities.
3. Request the Regional Government of Ayacucho to urge the PTRT3 project to take charge of the titling of the Camavenia, Mancoriari and Shankimentiari native communities.
4. Support the measure taken by the Director of UGEL Pichari to issue a Resolution that promulgates that teachers do not oblige students to wear a uniform and may wear their own clothing.
5. That all development, production, infrastructure, health and education issues must be in favor of the indigenous populations and must be channeled through the Regional Government of Cusco. A Management Commission must be appointed.
6. The physical delimitation of the boundary between the Catungo Kempiri and Gran Shinongari and Tiñovankani native communities is agreed with the participation of ARPI, SERNANP, OARA, CEDIA and heads of native communities present in Congress as guarantors of the work to be carried out. The call date is for July 20, 2017.
7. In education there must be coordination between the OARA and the Ministry of Education so that the organization participates in the evaluation and adjudication of teachers.
8. Negotiate before the UGEL of Pichari the incorporation of a specialist in bilingual intercultural education of initial, primary and secondary level.
9. Request to the district municipality of Pichari, Kimbiri and Santa Rosa the replacement of the Management for Native Communities, which must be occupied by a member of the communities.
10. Send a statement to the instances of the judiciary so that they apply the protocols on intercultural justice issues.
11. Request quotas in the universities of Huamanga and institutes for the training of bilingual teachers.
12. A commission is appointed to deliver the conclusions of the congress to the different authorities, within a period of 90 days.
13. It is agreed that the MDE Saweto project assumes responsibility for the titling of the Mancoriari and Camavenia native communities located in the Ayacucho region.
14. The multicommunal training course will be held in the native Otari community, in September 2017.
15. The next congress will be held in the Capirushiato native community in May 2018.
For more information on the Project “Landscape restoration and food sovereignty, in the CC.NN. Asháninkas and Machiguengas del VRA ”between here.