March 16, 2018.- Today the Presidency of the Republic of Peru approved Supreme Decree No. 002-2018-MC that declares the recognition of the Matsés, Remo (Isconahua) and Marubo indigenous peoples in isolation and others, not yet identified, corresponding to the scope of the application. for the creation of the Yavarí Tapiche Indigenous Reserve and of the Matsés, Matis, Korubo or Kulina Pano and Flecheiro (Tavakina) indigenous peoples in isolation, from the scope of the application for the creation of the Yavarí Mirim Indigenous Reserve.
In order for this to be achieved, the Center for the Development of the Amazonian Indigenous (CEDIA) prepared the preliminary recognition studies on the scope of the Yavari - Mirin and Yavari - Tapiche Indigenous Reserve proposals. These are the first ethnographic-documentary approach of the State, through the Ministry of Culture - MINCU, to recognize the existence of indigenous peoples in a situation of isolation after a request for the creation of an Indigenous Reserve in a certain area.
Said studies imply the compilation of social, cultural, linguistic, legal and environmental information regarding a specific space on which there is a request for the creation of an indigenous Reserve. Subsequently, the results of the previous recognition studies are reviewed by a multisectoral commission where the different sectors of the State with interference in the subject, indigenous organizations and Universities are represented. This commission, after an analysis of the evidence and findings, recognizes or not the existence of PIACI in the scope of the application for an indigenous Reserve; After this evaluation, the Supreme Recognition Decree is issued.
It should be noted that the studies carried out in all their stages - office, field, overflights, drafting, etc. - were carried out in strict compliance with the principles of the "Protection Guidelines for Indigenous Peoples in Isolation and Initial Contact of the Amazon Region, the Great Chaco and the Eastern Region of Paraguay ”and the fundamental principles determined in the PIACI Protection Law.
The Supreme Decree formalizes the recognition of these peoples in a highly vulnerable situation and gives political weight to the following measures to be taken, as well as the legal support to the MINCU to begin implementing protection measures to safeguard these spaces while the creation process continues. of the indigenous Reserves. This is still pending the process of categorization of the Indigenous Reserves mentioned above through the Additional Categorization Studies (EAC) that delimit spaces and give greater specificity on the ethnolinguistic identification of the peoples.
It is necessary for the MINCU to provide all the legal instruments and guidelines necessary for the implementation of protection measures, as it has an important role as a governing body, in the articulation with the various State entities that have an interest or projects on these spaces; such as SERFOR, MINEM, MTC, MINAM, REGIONAL GOVERNMENT and indigenous organizations.
From CEDIA we have been coordinating efforts in coordination with indigenous organizations -such as the Regional Organization of the Indigenous Peoples of the East- and the Regional Government of Loreto, through the Regional Management of Indigenous Affairs, to implement a coordination space at the regional level to the protection of the areas proposed as Indigenous Reserve in Loreto.
CEDIA's commitment consists of accompanying, as far as possible, these processes until they are fully formalized, as well as facilitating the articulation between the different State entities and indigenous organizations to consolidate the protection of the proposed Indigenous Reserves in Loreto.
To download the supreme decree between here.